This guide has important information for businesses looking to hire employees or contractors in Philippines.

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Philippines Country Guide for Hiring Employees and Contractors
Philippine Peso
Filipino, English
109 Million
$394 Billion (2021)
Per Capita Income
GDP Growth Rate
5.6% (2021)
Date Format
Fiscal Year
January 1 to December 31
Payroll Cycle
Major Religions
Country Highlights Section
The Philippines is an archipelagic country in the Pacific Ocean in Southeast Asia. It consists of around 7,600 islands with an area of 48,671 square kilometers.
The Philippines has been one of the most dynamic economies in the East Asia Pacific region between 2010-1019, averaging an annual growth rate of 6.4%. After the COVID induced slowdown in 2020, the economy rebounded in 2021 by growing at 5.6%.
The country has a growing middle class with a large and young population. The economy is driven by strong consumer demand and robust remittances from Filipinos working overseas.
Business process outsourcing (BPO), real estate, and tourism are the major industries in the Philippines. The country has made rapid progress in reducing poverty as its poverty rate reduced from 23.3% to 16.6% in 2018.
The Philippines is a major destination for outsourcing/offshoring for the US businesses due to cultural affinity between the two countries. Call center and data entry are the two most popular services outsourced to The Philippines.
Hiring in Philippines
A business needs a local entity in Philippines to hire locally.
Setting up an entity in Philippines involves registering with multiple agencies and can take 30 days. If you want to register a subsidiary in The Philippines, you will need to invest at least $200,000 as equity. A business requires at least four officials, two of whom must be residents of the country.
Setting up an entity in The Philippines is a 5-step process that requires you to register with SEC, provincial government, mayor’s office, Bureau of Internal Revenue, Social Security, and the health insurance corporation.
You will also need to comply with benefits, payroll, tax, and HR laws.
Philippines differentiates between employees and contractors. There are different rules for both, and incorrect classification can lead to fines.
With Globalify, you can avoid the headache of the registration process and the need for capital investment. Our employer-on-record service is an excellent option to hire remote employees and contractors in The Philippines.
Minimum Wage in Philippines
Philippines does not have a national minimum wage rate. It’s set at the provincial level.
While all employers must pay the specified minimum wage for the region, in the outsourcing industry, you need to pay significantly more to attract good talent.
The current minimum wage rate (June 2022) in different parts of the country are:
Working Hours in Philippines
Work hours are tightly regulated in Philippines.
Standard working hours in Philippines are 8 hours per day and one hour of lunch break. Working hours include the time during which the employee is required to be at the workplace and all hours that he is asked to work. It also includes any short breaks or rest periods during the working hours.
Employees must be given one day off after every six consecutive days of work.
Employers must pay 10% extra for nightshift.
Overtime is to be paid at 125% of regular pay for extra hours worked on a regular workday. Any work done on a holiday or weekend is to be paid at 130% of regular work.
Payroll and Taxes in Philippines
Employers typically follow a monthly payment schedule, with salaries paid on the first of every month. Salary is prorated for employees joining in the middle of a month.
Salary must be paid in cash, by check, or by direct deposit to the employee’s account at a bank or other financial institution.
Employers also need to pay the 13th month salary to every eligible employee by December 24th . Any employee who has worked for at least one month in the year is eligible to receive the 13th month salary.
It’s mandated by the government through a presidential decree in 1975. Many employers pay the 13th salary in two installments with the second one paid in December. Failing to pay the 13th month salary can lead to legal action and penalties against the employer.
Many employers also pay a Christmas bonus to their employees in December. But that is not mandated by law.

Individual Income Tax

In Philippines, domestic income is subject to income tax for both citizens and foreigners. Any foreign income of a resident is also taxed in the Philippines.
Philippines income tax system follows a slab structure. It means individuals pay income tax based on their income level. This is also called the progressive tax system in which a person with higher earnings pays higher taxes.
Employers must deduct and withhold income tax on employees’ compensation. Failing to do so has legal consequences. This tax is paid to the government by the employer.
The following table shows income tax rates in Philippines as of July 2022:
Employer Costs in Philippines
Employers bear the following costs in Philippines:
  • Social Security: Employers contribute 8.5& of the salary towards employee’s social security. This contribution is mandatory. It’s capped at 1700 Pesos for salaries above 24750 Pesos. Employers also need to withhold 4.5% of salary towards employee’s contribution towards social security. Employee contribution is capped off at 900 Pesos.
  • Public Health Insurance (PhilHealth): Employers must contribute 1.75% of salary towards public health insurance program. They also need to deduct 1.75% from the salary towards employee’s contribution. The minimum salary for PhilHealth contribution is 10,000 Pesos and maximum salary is 70,000 Pesos.
PhilHealth provides several benefits including inpatient & outpatient treatments, coverage for long-term treatments and specialized care like malaria.
Many employers provide a secondary health insurance cover to attract high-quality employees. Secondary health cover is valued by employees as it helps them avoid delays and access benefits not covered by PhilHealth.
  • Home Development Mutual Fund (HDMF or Pag-IBIG) – It provides housing loans and offers financial assistance to Filipinos so they can afford decent housing. Employers contribute 2% of the monthly salary (maximum 100 Pesos). Employee contribution is 1% if the salary is below 1,500 Pesos and 2% above this, subject to a monthly cap of 100 Pesos.
Statutory Leave Policies in Philippines
There are 12 paid public holidays in Philippines. In addition, there are six special holidays that are unpaid holidays.
Employers in the Philippines must give five days of paid leave to employees who have worked for at least one year. Employees can get paid for unused portion of the leave.
Employees get 90% of their average daily salary for up to 120 days in a year if they fall sick. The employer pays the salary to the employee. This is reimbursed by the social security system.
All female employees get 60 days of paid maternity leave for their first four pregnancies. If a C-section or surgery is needed, the employee can get up to 78 days of leave.
Women employees who undergo a gynecological surgery get up to 60 days of paid leave, provided they have worked for at least six months.
Married male employees get seven days of paternity leave for the first four pregnancies of their wives.
In Philippines, a solo parent can take up to seven days’ leave.
Employee Benefits
Philippines has a comprehensive social security system that offers several mandatory benefits to employees:
  • maternity pay
  • sickness pay
  • pensions
  • disability benefits
  • salary loans
  • life insurance
  • funeral grants
In addition, many employers also provide supplemental health, dental and vision insurance to their employees. In fact, a good health insurance plan can be a very attractive recruiting tool in Philippines.
Employee Termination
An employee can be terminated for authorized causes as per the Labor Code. Employer can also terminate an employee for violation of corporate rules and regulations.
An employee can terminate the employment at will.
Employer must give a notice period of 30 days for terminating the employee.
Employees are eligible for one month of severance pay for every year of service.
Corporate Taxes in Philippines
Business profits are taxed at 30% in Philippines.
Special economic zone enterprises duly registered with the Philippines Economic Zone Authority are taxed at the rate of 5% on gross income.